Bishop Gregory (hgr) wrote,
Bishop Gregory
hgr

норманнская теория-2

вот я тут по некоему случаю впервые сформулировал письменно the core моей концепции крещения Руси как варяжского предприятия Олава Трюгвасона по крещению всей трассы пути из варяг в греки. вообще-то, вся система доказательств там агиографическая, и разнообразного материала -- много. но в нем всегда выделяется главный сюжет: если мы крестим (или повторно просвещаем -- после еретиков) какую-либо страну, то кого мы назначим туда апостолом, вокруг которого будем формировать весь облик местной христианской традиции?
в случае Руси и вообще всего пути из варяг в греки это был (в конце 10 в.) культ св. Климента Римского с центром в Корсуни.

For the North, the basic center was not Kiev (that was, indeed, a
center, but a secondary one) but Cherson. St Clement as an *apostle*
(no less!) of "our" country -- this was a program of the Kiev
Christianity under Vladimir (reversed by his successor Yaroslav the
Wise who introduced another apostolic cult, that of Andrew, instead,
and re-oriented Kievan Christianity directly to Constantinople). But
St Clement as *the* apostle was not only the program of Russian
Christianity. This was the common program of the Christianity of the
whole "Put' iz Varjag v Greki" ("Way from Varangs to Greeks"), that
is, common to both Rus' and Scandinavia. The idea belongs obviously to
Olav Trygvason (the builder of St Clement church in Trondheim
constructed as the cathedral of Norway) whose Byzantine relations are
well known.

Yes, I think, that the Saga image of Olav Trygvason as the most
decisive figure in the conversion of Rus' has a lot to do with
reality. In fact, as I think, his main idea was to extend the
Byzantine Christianity to the North up to Iceland through the Way from
Varangs to Greeks. (By the way, a Byzantine Christianity with a Latin
hierarchy and under the Pope was not a problem: cf. provincia Scythia in Romania in
the 6th cent. or Moravia in the same epoch).

There is a lot of data to be studied, but, among these, the cult of St
Clement as the main saint of the land (not as one among other saints,
but as an apostolic figure of the first rank) is a very useful
thread.

The same (Chersonic) form of St Clement cult was widerspreaded on the
West coast of Black Sea (there are several Bulgarian publications on
this).

As to the British islands, we have to suppose, I think, a Scandinavian
influence, but, of course, the possibility of an influence from Rome
should be also checked. So far I have no idea on this, despite the
obvious fact that the forms of St Clement cult in Rome are to be
considered as far from constant.

What we can take for certain, however, that is the fact that Clement
cult in Rome has never been of such an outstanding importance (the
apostles of Rome being Peter and Paul). So, if we have not an isolated
St Clement church but an exceptional cult of St Clement, any influence
of Rome should be excluded.
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