Bishop Gregory (hgr) wrote,
Bishop Gregory

3 Варух

сообразил, где конкретно тормозил, доказал, чего не хотел (что в 3 Варухе 5 небес -- чужую гипотезу вместо своей! я-то хотел доказать, что 6), но вылезли другие проблемы, те. их виляющие хвосты, за которые, как кажется, можно их схватить... но не получается.

под катом приложение к докладу про календари 2 Еноха, которое разошлю по участнегом завтра, если опять не попрут идеи.

Appendice: asymmetrical universe of 3 Baruch (Slavonic only)



1.      Chronology of the heavenly journey


Dealing with the number of days of Baruch’s heavenly journey, the Slavonic and the Greek recensions of 3 Baruch diverge:


3 Baruch


















Asterisked is the reconstruction of Martina Frasson[1], where the longitude of the path between the second and the third heavens (mentioned in 10:1) is supposed to be indicated in the original as “90” but then lost in the manuscript tradition. This reconstruction is consistent with  the 365-day calendar and, especially, with 6:13 where “365 heavenly gates” are mentioned (Greek recension only). Frasson’s reconstruction could be accepted — however, for the Greek recension only. This does not mean that the Slavonic recension resulted from a corruption of the preserved Greek one.


2.      Number of gates of heaven and number of heavens


The Slavonic version is consistent in its own way. Instead of “365 gates of heaven” in 6:13 it has either “65 gates of heaven” (majority of manuscripts) or “50 gates of five heavens” (ms B). “65,” according to the scholarly consensus, seems here to be a corruption of “365” (“300” has been probably dropped), but the reading of ms B is certainly not. Without taking an emendation of Karpov (“7” instead of “5” heavens, thus, seven pentecontad cycles within a 364-day calendar),[2] we can suppose here a more natural in the earliest Slavonic texts (including the pseudepigrapha) confusion between the numbers in the two Slavonic alphabets, Glagolitic and Cyrillic. Normally, our actual Cyrillic manuscripts of the Slavonic pseudepigrapha go back to the Glagolitic protographs. The transcription from Glagolitic to Cyrillic frequently affects the figures written down in the numeric symbols. Thus, in the case of the ms B, the figure 50 seems a priori more problematic than the figure five that is written down as a word.

In Cyrillic, the value “50” has the letter nyne, but in Glagolitic, the corresponding letter (called here nash) has the numeric value “70.” It is, therefore, possible to suppose that the Glagolitic prototype of the ms B had have “70 gates of five heavens”, and not “50”.

70 gates of five heavens would make sense with both 364-day calendar (five periods per 70 days plus 2 weeks, the number 7 is predominant everywhere) and the simplest reconstruction of the number of heavens in 3 Baruch (five). “Five” is the maximal number of heavens that is mentioned in both recensions of 3 Baruch explicitly (in 11:1, that is, outside 6:13 where it is mentioned in Slavonic only), and so, only this reconstruction does not presuppose any conjecture.


3.      Solar months and 70-day cycles


Of course, a cosmology of five heavens is not that of the 2 Enoch where the number of heavens is six. Nevertheless, the number of days of Baruch’s journey to the highest heaven is 224, according to the Slavonic version. The universe of 2 Enoch has the exactly same dimension: 224 days from the beginning of the first heaven to the end of the highest one (sixth).

It is natural to suppose that this change of the structure of firmament corresponding already in 2 Enoch to 10 solar months is an expression of the trend to make it more symmetrical: 5 + 5 months instead of the 6 + 4 scheme in 2 Enoch.

However, even in 3 Baruch the year is divided asymmetrically as 224 + 140 days.

If we suppose, according to our supposition of 5 + 5 months, that both periods contain 5 solar months, and that these months are distributed according to their length in the same manner as in 2 Enoch, that is, as even as possible, we can proceed further.

Namely, the 140-day period would contain, in this case, 5 months each of 28 days. As we have noticed in our discussion of 2 Enoch, this is the minimal length of month containing an integer number of weeks. If there is a need to make the months with only integer number of weeks, the only allowed values of the number of days per month are 28, 35, 42 (49 is almost unrealistic).

The 224-day period must contain 5 months, too, while of a different length. 5 ´ 42 = 210, and 224 – 210 = 14 (two weeks).  This result is remarkable, because we already have two “extra” week in our 3 Baruch calendar: the two weeks that are not counted within five 70-day cycles.

Let us sum up.

In the 140-day part of year, we have 5 months per 28 days within 2 cycles of 70-days.

In the 224-day part of year, we have 5 months per 42 days within 3 cycles of 70-days. Moreover, we have here 2 extra weeks, outside the months and outside the 70-day cycles.

Without additional data, we are unable to locate these two weeks within the structure of solar year.

[1] M. Frasson, La struttura dei Cielli in 3 Baruch: uno studio filologico, Henoch 14 (1992) 137–144.

[2] А. Ю. Карпов, О календаре славянской книги «Откровение Варуха», Палестинский сборник 32 (1993) 81–83. This reading of the ms B has been unknown before this publication.



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